Serbian Spruce (Picea omorika)

$34.95 $27.96

Picea omorika, commonly known as the Serbian Spruce, is a beautiful and resilient evergreen conifer. It is highly prized for its elegant shape and hardy nature. Native to the mountainous regions of Serbia and Bosnia, this tree adds a striking vertical element to any landscape. Here’s how you can grow and care for the Serbian Spruce in your garden.

Tree Height and Spread:

In its natural habitat, Serbian Spruce typically reaches a height of 15 to 25 metres. When grown in gardens, it usually achieves heights of 10 to 15 metres, making it suitable for various landscape settings. The tree has a narrow, pyramidal shape with a spread of 3 to 6 metres. Its branches droop gracefully at the tips, creating a soft, elegant silhouette that enhances its ornamental appeal.

Preferred Soil Type and pH:

Picea omorika prefers well-drained, loamy soils to thrive. While it can adapt to sandy and clay soils, ensuring good drainage is crucial. The Serbian Spruce does not tolerate waterlogged conditions, so avoid planting in areas prone to standing water.

The ideal soil pH for Serbian Spruce is between 5.0 and 6.5, which is slightly acidic to neutral. You can maintain this pH range by regularly testing your soil and making necessary amendments. Adding organic matter, such as compost or peat moss, can help improve soil structure and acidity, creating optimal growing conditions for the tree.

Climate and Environmental Requirements:

Picea omorika thrives in temperate climates and is hardy in USDA zones 4 to 7. It prefers regions with cold winters and cool to mild summers. The tree is highly tolerant of frost and snow, making it an excellent choice for areas with harsh winter conditions. While it performs best in cooler climates, it can also adapt to slightly warmer regions, provided it receives adequate moisture and protection from extreme heat. This tree is suitable to plant in locations such as Tasmania, the temperate and alpine areas of Victoria, New South Wales, the ACT and even temperate parts of southeastern Queensland.

Light Requirements:

Plant Serbian Spruce in a location that receives full sun to partial shade for optimal growth. It needs at least six hours of direct sunlight daily to develop dense foliage and maintain its compact form. Although it can tolerate light shade, prolonged periods of insufficient sunlight can lead to a more open and leggy growth habit, reducing its ornamental value.

Watering and Moisture Requirements:

Consistent moisture is essential for Serbian Spruce, especially during its establishment phase. Keep the soil consistently moist but not waterlogged. Regular watering is necessary during dry periods, particularly in the summer months. Once established, the tree is relatively drought-tolerant but will benefit from occasional deep watering during extended dry spells. Applying mulch around the base helps retain soil moisture, suppress weeds, and regulate soil temperature.

Fertilising and Nutrient Needs:

Although Picea omorika typically requires minimal fertilisation if planted in nutrient-rich soils, you can support healthy growth by applying a balanced, slow-release fertiliser in early spring. It is especially beneficial in nutrient-poor soils. Organic compost or well-rotted manure can enrich the soil and provide essential nutrients. Avoid over-fertilising, as this can lead to excessive growth and weakened branches.

Pruning and Maintenance:

Minimal pruning is required to maintain the natural shape of Picea omorika. Prune during the dormant season in late winter or early spring to minimise stress on the tree. Remove dead, damaged, or diseased branches to promote healthy growth and improve air circulation. Thinning out overcrowded branches can enhance the tree’s structure and appearance. Avoid heavy pruning, as it can negatively impact the tree’s shape and overall health.


You can propagate Serbian Spruce through seeds or cuttings. Collect seeds from mature cones in the autumn and store them in a cool, dry place until spring planting. To improve germination rates, stratify the seeds (subject them to a cold period) for several weeks. Alternatively, take semi-hardwood cuttings and root them in a suitable growing medium under controlled conditions.


Picea omorika is valued for its ornamental qualities and versatility in landscaping. It serves well as a specimen tree, in mixed borders, or as a focal point in gardens and parks. Its narrow, upright form makes it an excellent choice for creating vertical interest or as a screen or windbreak. The tree’s resilience and attractive appearance also make it suitable for urban plantings, where space may be limited.


Picea omorika, the Serbian Spruce, is a versatile and attractive tree that adds beauty and structure to various landscapes. Its adaptability to different soil types, tolerance to cold climates, and minimal maintenance requirements make it an excellent choice for gardeners and landscapers alike. You can enjoy the beauty and resilience of this remarkable conifer in your garden by providing well-drained soil, adequate sunlight, and proper care.

In stock

Weight 3 kg
Dimensions 70 × 14 × 10 cm
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Plant Height 8 to 10 metres , 10 to 15 metres
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Plant Spread 2 to 3 metres , 3 to 4 metres , 4 to 5 metres , 5 to 6 metres
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