Red Beech (Nothofagus fusca)

$99.95

Red Beech, known as Nothofagus fusca, is an evergreen Southern Beech species endemic to New Zealand. It is valued for its beautiful foliage, which turns vibrant shades of red and gold in autumn. It occurs on both the North Island and South Island and is generally found on lower hills and inland valley floors where the soil is fertile and well-drained. In New Zealand, the species is called Fuscospora fusca.

It is mainly grown as an ornamental tree in regions with a mild oceanic climate. In Australia, it is rarely planted as an ornamental and is primarily contained in gardens in the southeast cool temperate areas. Examples can be found in the Mt. Tomah and Melbourne Botanic Gardens. Outside of Australia and New Zealand, it is also planted as an ornamental in Scotland and the North Coast of the Pacific of the United States. The Red Beech is an example of Antarctic and, more broadly, Gondwana flora and is closely related to the Australian Nothofagus species Nothofagus gunnii.

Here is some useful plant-growing information for Nothofagus fusca:

Tree Height and Spread: Nothofagus fusca typically grows as a large tree, reaching 20 to 30 meters. In its natural habitat, it can sometimes grow even taller. The spread of the tree is generally about half its height, giving it a broad and rounded canopy.

Preferred Soil Type and pH: Nothofagus fusca prefers well-drained soils rich in organic matter. It can adapt to various soil types, including loamy, sandy, and clay soils. However, it thrives best in fertile soils with good drainage. The ideal pH range for this tree is slightly acidic to neutral, between 5.5 and 7.5. Proper soil moisture is essential, as waterlogged or excessively dry conditions can negatively impact its growth.

Climate and Environmental Requirements: Nothofagus fusca is adapted to temperate climates, particularly in areas with cool summers and mild winters. It prefers areas with moderate to high rainfall but can tolerate drier conditions once established. It is essential to provide adequate irrigation during periods of drought to prevent stress. This tree is also hardy to light frosts, but it may require protection in colder regions, such as the Victorian Highlands and the Central and Southern Tablelands in NSW.

Light Requirements: Nothofagus fusca prefers a position in full sun to partial shade. It can tolerate some shade, particularly in its early years, but it tends to exhibit slower growth and may have less vibrant autumn foliage colour in shaded conditions. Planting in a location that receives at least 4 to 6 hours of direct sunlight daily is ideal for optimal growth.

Watering and Fertilizing: Nothofagus fusca requires regular watering, particularly during dry periods or without rainfall. The soil should be kept consistently moist but not soggy. Deep watering is preferable, allowing the soil to dry slightly between waterings. Applying a layer of organic mulch around the tree’s base helps retain moisture and suppress weed growth. Fertilizer application may not be necessary for nutrient-rich soils, but a balanced slow-release fertilizer can be applied in early spring to promote healthy growth. This species benefits from a symbiotic relationship between soil microbes and mycorrhiza to uptake nutrients and minerals.

Pruning and Maintenance: Nothofagus fusca generally requires minimal pruning. However, selective pruning can remove dead, damaged, or crossing branches. Pruning should be done during the dormant season to minimize stress on the tree. Regular inspection for pests and diseases is recommended, although this species is generally considered resistant to significant issues.

Propagation: Propagation of Nothofagus fusca can be done from seeds. The seeds are typically collected from mature trees in autumn and require a period of cold stratification to break dormancy. Sow the seeds in a well-draining seed-starting mix and keep them in a cool, moist environment for several weeks. Germination can be slow and irregular, and seedlings may take several months to emerge.

Uses: Nothofagus fusca is primarily grown as an ornamental tree in gardens and parks. Its vibrant autumn foliage adds a splash of colour to the landscape. It can be planted as a specimen tree, in groupings, or as part of mixed woodland gardens. Additionally, Nothofagus fusca is ecologically essential, providing habitat for various wildlife species and contributing to forest biodiversity.

Nothofagus fusca is a beautiful evergreen tree that prefers well-drained, fertile soils in temperate climates. It requires regular watering, especially during dry periods, and thrives in full sun to partial shade. With its vibrant autumn foliage and adaptability to different soil types, Nothofagus fusca is an excellent choice for adding aesthetic value to landscapes while providing ecological benefits to soil microbes and fungi.

This item will be released May 5, 2024.
Weight 2 kg
Dimensions 125 × 20 × 20 cm
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10 to 15 metres, 15 to 20 metres, 20 to 30 metres, Above 30 metres

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5 to 6 metres, 6 to 7 metres, 7 to 8 metres, 8 to 9 metres, 9 to 10 metres, over 10 metres

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